What is it?
The civil birth registry is the document that recognizes a person as a citizen, granting him or her duties, rights and legal status in the family and society.
- Birth certificate
- 1. How is Colombian citizenship acquired?
POLITICAL CONSTITUTION OF COLOMBIA, ARTICLE 96.
The following are Colombian nationals:
1. By birth:
a. Colombian natives, upon one of two conditions: that the father or the
mother have been Colombian natives or nationals or that, being
children of aliens, either parent was domiciled in the Republic at the
time of birth; and,
b. The children of a Colombian father or mother born abroad who have
later established their domicile in the Colombian territory or
registered in a consular office of the Republic.
2. By adoption:
a. Foreigners who solicit and obtain a naturalization card, in accordance with
the law, which will establish the cases in which Colombian nationality
is lost through adoption;
b. People born in Latin America or the Caribbean who are domiciled in
Colombia and who, with the government’s authorization and in
accordance with the law and the principle of reciprocity, request that
they be registered as Colombians in the municipality where they
c. Members of the indigenous peoples straddling border areas, in
application of the principle of reciprocity according to public
No Colombian by birth may be stripped of his/her nationality. Colombian nationality
is not lost by virtue of acquiring another nationality. Nationals by adoption will not
be obligated to renounce their nationality of origin or adoption.
Whoever has renounced his/her Colombian nationality may recover it in accordance
with the law.
- 2. How much does the civil registry of birth cost?
Registration is free.
- 3. Where can I register a birth?
Notaries and the National Registry are competent to register a birth. However, previous authorities can move to hospitals, clinics or home.
- 4. In what order should the surnames be registered?
The first surname of the father followed by the first surname of the mother. If it is an extramarital child and there is no paternal acknowledgment, the two surnames of the mother.
- 5. Can a foreigner have a Colombian civil registry of birth?
No. Even if the foreigner has acquired a Colombian citizenship, it is not possible to register his birth in the national territory or obtain a civil registry.
- 6. What is the civil registry of birth?
It is the first identification document of a person and with which the rights and duties of a person are recognized.
- 7. Who registers a newborn?
The mother or father of the minor, according to Decree 1260 of 1970 in Article 45.
- 8. How do I know in which Notary am I registered?
In any of the available Registrar's Office locations you can check if you are in the database and, if so, it will indicate the Notary where the registration took place. Otherwise, in the Notary Office of your municipality you should request the corresponding volume and folio where your civil registry of birth is recorded, and then request it to be recorded into the National Registry dat base.
- 9. Where do I get a copy of my birth record?
You can request it at the notary where it was registered.
- Birth certificate.
- IDs of the registering parents.
If the certificate of live birth is not present, it is necessary to have the baptism certificate or the affidavits of two witnesses.